Nazarin kujera #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juyawa zuwa wayowin komai da ruwan kan tebur. Matakin sifili

Wayar hannu, ko kuma gabaɗaya wayar, ita ce ta fi shahara a cikin ingantattun samfuran fasaha. Kowannenmu yana amfani da ɗaya ko ɗayan wayoyin hannu, wani yana canza su sau da yawa a shekara, wani sau ɗaya a cikin ƴan shekaru. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi jayayya cewa wannan ita ce mafi shaharar na'urar da muka saba. Wani sanannen ya haifar da jin cewa wannan na'ura ce mai sauƙi wacce ba ta buƙatar ilimi da ƙwarewa na musamman don haɓakawa, cewa kowane kawu Liao zai iya sarrafa ta, har ma da waɗanda suka sami ilimi mafi girma a manyan jami'o'in Yammacin Turai. Abin takaici ne, amma irin wannan jin dadi fiye da kowane lokaci da nisa daga gaskiya, kuma ƙirƙirar wayar salula kusan kusan yawancin matsalolin da injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ke shawo kan kowace rana, a matsayin mai mulkin, ba su taɓa saduwa da kwanakin ƙarshe ba. Don bayyana dalla-dalla da kuma a hankali kowane matakai na ƙirƙirar wayar hannu (a ka'ida, duk waɗannan matakan da ƙari ko ragi sun dace da kowane kayan lantarki), zan buƙaci rubuta kundin kundin guda biyu. Amma a cikin tsarin ƙaramin abu, zan yi ƙoƙari in nuna, a zayyana kuma ba tare da nutsewa cikin cikakkun bayanai ba, waɗanne matsaloli ke jiran masu haɓakawa da yadda ake warware su.

Tun da ƙirƙirar samfuran tutoci shine tsari mafi ɗaukar lokaci kuma ya haɗa da matsaloli mafi girma, zamu ɗauki irin waɗannan na'urori a matsayin misali, a cikin ɓangaren tsakiya da na kasafin kuɗi, ana magance matsaloli da yawa cikin sauƙi.

Tsarin wayar hannu a matakin ra'ayi - 'yan kasuwa, injiniyoyi, manazarta

Ba komai tsawon lokacin da kamfanin ku ya kasance, 'yan makonnin da suka gabata ko shekarun da suka gabata, tsarin ƙirƙirar ƙirar ƙira ko kawai babbar na'ura, kamar kowace, yana farawa da ra'ayi. Bambancin ra'ayoyin wani nau'in ra'ayi ne wanda ke yawo a kan shugabannin masu daukar ma'aikata a kasuwar wayoyin hannu daga shekara zuwa shekara. Sau da yawa mutane sun gaskata cewa idan wani bai yi wani abu a aikace ba, to wannan rashin tunani ne. A matsayinka na mai mulki, tunanin ba shi da alaƙa da shi, kuma matsalar ta ta'allaka ne a cikin rashin yiwuwar samar da samfurin kasuwanci mai mahimmanci don aiwatar da na'urar "m". Misali shine YotaPhone, wayar Rasha ce mai allon eINK na biyu wanda ke ba da fitar da bayanai da kuma tsawaita rayuwar batir. A ka'idar.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Na'urorin samfur na farko masu fuska na biyu sun bayyana a kasuwa shekaru goma kafin ra'ayin YotaPhone, shekaru biyar kafin haka akwai na'urori masu fuskar eINK. Amma babu wani daga cikin masana'antun da ya yi ƙarfin hali don ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan na'urori a cikin jerin, tun da nazarin ra'ayin a matakin farko ya nuna rashin yiwuwarsa. Ga wasu tambayoyin da suka hana wasu kamfanoni ƙaddamar da irin wannan inji:

  • Allon na biyu yana sa wayar ta fi tsadar ƙira;
  • Allon na biyu yana ƙara yuwuwar fasa na'urar, buƙatar gyara ya fi girma (halayen kayan gyara suna girma);
  • Samun allon baki da fari na biyu ko ma launi ba zai yiwu ba ba tare da ƙwararren mai fafatawa ba, saboda ƙirar guda ɗaya ba ta iya ƙirƙirar abubuwa;
  • Tsarin haɓaka yana ƙaruwa, tunda aiki tare da allo na biyu yana buƙatar ƙirƙirar software na musamman waɗanda ba kowa ke buƙata sai wanda ya kera irin wannan na'urar;
  • Hadware R&D farashin suma sun fi girma, ana buƙatar ƙirƙirar sabbin kayan aiki, samarwa da ƙimar sarrafa inganci sun fi girma (rashin zaɓin masana'antar jama'a tare da ƙananan farashin taro).
Na'urorin Yota sun yi la'akari da cewa duk waɗannan matsalolin za a iya shawo kan su kuma ƙirƙirar irin wannan na'urar. Amma, kamar yadda muka riga muka sani, sun yi kuskure, kuma YotaPhone bai shahara ba. Lokacin haɓaka ra'ayin sabon na'ura, manyan kamfanoni suna ƙoƙarin haɗa mutane da fasaha daban-daban a cikin ƙungiyar aiki, a matsayin mai mulkin, waɗannan ba kawai injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ba ne, amma har ma manazarta da masu kasuwa. Kasancewar ƙarshen yana da ban mamaki koyaushe, saboda masu kasuwa suna hulɗa da haɓaka samfuran da aka riga aka ƙirƙira, me yasa suke a matakin sifili? Amsar a bayyane take - lokacin da ake tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na'urar, kasancewar mai kasuwa yana ba ku damar cimma hadahadar ayyukan da za su iya kashe kopecks uku a cikin haɓakawa ko zama cikakkiyar 'yanci, amma a cikin tallace-tallace za su juya zuwa zama fa'idar gasa ta musamman.

A zamanin Apple na Tim Cook, ci gaban iPhone gaba ɗaya ya koma kan ƙa'idodin masana'antar da Samsung, Huawei da sauran kamfanoni suka ɗauka. Kafin wannan, Apple kusan bai yi amfani da aikin manazarta ba, bai kwatanta samfuran su da masu fafatawa ba, amma sun bi hanyarsu - ba ma'ana a gare mu mu tattauna yadda yake daidai ba, gaskiyar ita ce Apple bai bi tsarin ba. kasuwa, amma siffata da kanta. Me yasa muke buƙatar manazarta a matakin tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na gaba smartphone? Amsar ita ce mai sauƙi, masu bincike ne da aikinsu wanda ya ba mu damar tantance yanayin da ke cikin kamfani tare da samfurori na yau da kullum da kuma kafa harsashi na samfurori na gaba.

A tsarin tsari, ana iya siffanta aikin manazarci kamar haka:

  • Kwatanta halayen fasaha na ƙirar zamani daga masana'anta daban-daban;
  • Bayyana halaye na musamman na masu fafatawa, bullar sabbin fasahohin da za a iya amfani da su;
  • Tattara ƙididdiga da bayanai game da abubuwan da ake amfani da su a cikin ƙirar asali.

A aikace, aikin manazarci a matakin sifili ya yi kama da sauqi. Misali, a cikin Galaxy S6 da kuma samfuran wannan ƙarni na Samsung, akwai tashar infrared don sarrafa kayan aikin gida.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu da counter. Sifili mataki

Samsung yana da daidaitaccen nau'i na bincike don kowane fasalin wayar hannu, duka hardware da software. Game da tashar jiragen ruwa infrared, wannan shine kididdigar amfani da shi, kashi nawa ne masu amfani suka kunna shi, sau nawa suke amfani da shi. Bugu da ƙari, a matsayin mai mulkin, wannan ba tarin ƙididdiga na lokaci ɗaya ba ne, amma saka idanu akai-akai na abin da ke faruwa a cikin motsi. Don haka, a cikin Galaxy S6, an tallata aikin sarrafa nesa don kayan aiki ta amfani da saƙonnin turawa, wato, a wannan lokacin ya riga ya bayyana cewa mutane ba sa amfani da tashar infrared akan na'urorin da suka gabata, amma ba a bayyana dalilin da ya sa ba. daga jahilci ko rashin amfani na na'urar kanta.Bayan ƙaddamar da tallace-tallace a kan dukkan na'urori, mun sami kididdiga: wasu kaso na mutane sun kalli tallan, ƙaramin juzu'i na wannan lambar ya ƙaddamar da aikace-aikacen kuma ya gwada tashar infrared. Lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai kuma sun nuna cewa yawancin mutane sun gwada infrared a cikin makonnin farko bayan siyan wayar hannu sannan ba su dawo cikinta ba. Adadin wadanda suke amfani da tashar infrared akai-akai ba ma kaso ne na kashi dari ba, mutane da dama ne na miliyoyin kwafin na'urori. Tare da farashi na ƙididdiga na 4 don tashar tashar IR, da farashin R&D waɗanda ke da arha saboda yawan zagayawa, farashin kamfanin ya kasance kaɗan. Amma farashi ne wanda bai yi aiki ba a aikace, saboda mutane ba su yi amfani da fasalin ba ko da bayan kamfanin ya haɓaka fasalin. Kin amincewa da IrDA ya haifar da tanadin dala miliyan 3.5 a shekara, wanda ke zama faduwa a cikin teku ga wani kamfani na Samsung, amma da farko. Hakanan ya 'yantar da albarkatu tare da rage yiwuwar gazawar na'urar saboda sauƙaƙe ƙira. Tunanin na iya yin kama da sharadi, amma akwai ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙididdiga masu aiki waɗanda ke bayyana adadin kira zuwa sabis da dogaronsu akan sarƙar na'urar. Babu wani abu da ke canzawa daga aiki ɗaya, amma yawancinsu ana bitarsu kowace shekara don kowane ƙirar (waɗannan duka software ne da ayyukan hardware).

Ga masu amfani da guda ɗaya waɗanda suka yi amfani da wayar su azaman abin sarrafawa, wannan wani nau'in bala'i ne. Amma a cikin babban kamfani, ana iya yin watsi da su, ko da sun zaɓi wani masana'anta (Huawei / Meizu / Xiaomi da sauransu) waɗanda ba su ƙi irin wannan aikin ba.

A cikin sharadi, aikin manazarci (masu sarrafa samfuran galibi suna taka rawa a cikin kamfanoni) ana iya la'akari da ƙin wasu ayyuka waɗanda ba su zama gama gari ba a kasuwa tare da masu fafatawa kai tsaye, da kuma neman fasalin na'urori masu fafatawa. wanda ya bambanta su. Bari mu kalli wani misali, wato ditching jack 3.5mm akan iPhone 7 da kuma daga baya. Abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan ba a tsara su ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa masu amfani ba su yi amfani da belun kunne tare da iPhone ba, akasin haka, sun yi shi koyaushe, kuma yawancin sun gamsu da tarin EarPods.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Ba za a iya bayyana rashin amincewa da jack na 3.5 mm ba kawai ta bayyanar kariya ta ruwa, tun da sauran masana'antun suna da irin wannan jack kuma suna da daidaitattun kariyar IP67 / 68. To me yasa Apple ya dauki irin wannan matakin da ba a so? Amsar a bayyane take, sun yi hakan ne don kara yawan ribar da suke samu a daya bangaren kuma su rage farashi a daya bangaren.

Lokacin da ake amfani da kariya ta ruwa, farashin kariya ga kowane rami a kan akwati ya kai kusan kashi ɗaya. Kananan abubuwa? Amma don kewayawa na dubun-dubatar na'urori, wannan ya riga ya kawo wasu tanadi. Kuma mafi mahimmanci, akwai ƙididdiga kan nawa za ku iya samu yayin ƙirƙirar jackphone na lasifikan kai. Tallace-tallacen kayan haɗin ku sun haura 1.25x akan matsakaita saboda mutane ba za su iya amfani da madadin belun kunne ba, kawai ba su da su a hannu. Har ila yau, yana ƙaddamar da sabon tsarin sabunta jeri na lasifikan kai ta abokan hulɗa, waɗanda dole ne su biya don amfani da nau'in haɗin yanar gizon ku, wanda ke kawo ƙarin kuɗi wanda ya riga ya kasance a cikin dubun-dubatar riba.

A gefe mara kyau, kuna haifar da matsaloli ga abokan cinikin ku, ba za su iya amfani da belun kunne na iPhone tare da wasu na'urorin kamfanin ku, misali, MacBook. Amma a ka'idar, ana iya bayyana hakan ta hanyar canzawa zuwa belun kunne mara waya, wanda ke zama fifiko, kuma haɓakar wannan ɓangaren kuma yana nufin haɓaka kai tsaye a cikin kuɗin shiga na kamfanin ku. Wannan wani ɓoyayyiyar haɓaka ce ta farashin mallakar iphone, wanda aka ƙirƙira da kuma shimfiɗa ta a matakin ra'ayi.

Bari in baku wani misali, wanda shine rashin firikwensin hoton yatsa akan $1,000+ iPhone X.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Don buɗewa, ana amfani da firikwensin 3D don duba fuskarka, fasahar da ake kira FaceID. Amma me yasa Apple ya watsar da firikwensin yatsa, wanda ya cancanci shahara kuma yawancin masu amfani akan iOS ke amfani dashi? Af, babu wani kididdiga na hukuma game da amfani da TouchID na Apple, amma duk binciken kai tsaye ya nuna cewa wannan ya fi kashi 50% na masu amfani.

Batun ƙin TouchID bai ta'allaka cikin amincin fasahar ba, a'a, rashin iya aiwatar da firikwensin da ke saman gaban wayar, wanda a yanzu allon ya mamaye shi. Kuma rashin son maimaita Huawei da canja wurin firikwensin zuwa sashin baya. Rashin fasahar da ke ba ka damar sanya firikwensin a ƙarƙashin allon, da / ko tsadar irin wannan firikwensin.

Sai dai itace cewa Apple yana ƙoƙarin maimaita fafatawa a gasa kai tsaye, waɗanda suka gabatar da buɗe fuska a baya, amma a lokaci guda suna ƙoƙarin rage farashin kayan aikin, wato, ba don amfani da zaɓuɓɓukan biyu ba - firikwensin yatsa da firikwensin da ke gane fuska. Jita-jita sun yi iƙirarin cewa yawancin iPhones a cikin 2018 za su rasa firikwensin sawun yatsa kuma su canza zuwa FaceID. Wannan zaɓi ne mai mahimmanci, wanda ake buƙata ta buƙatar kiyaye farashin na'urori a wani matakin, lokacin da aka cimma daidaito tsakanin farashi da aiki. Ga manyan masana'antun, sauran masana'antun ba su damu da wannan batu ba, tun da yake ba sa kula da yawan farashi da riba, kamar yadda a cikin Apple, inda suke la'akari da waɗannan alkaluman, idan ba masu tsarki ba, to, kusa da su.

'Yan kasuwa da manazarta sun fi dogara ga injiniyoyi, saboda lokacin da suke bayar da aiwatar da wani abu a cikin sabbin samfura, komai ya dogara ne akan tsarin samarwa da kuɗi. Misali, ƙara caji mara waya zuwa kowane flagship ba shi da wahala a kallon farko. Ta fuskar fasaha, wannan aikin banza ne, kuma matsakaitan injiniya na iya sarrafa shi. Don haka? Don haka!

Yanzu me ya yi kama da gaske, lokacin da a watan Agusta kun san cewa zuwa watan Agustan shekara mai zuwa, yakamata a fara samar da sabon tutar ku. Masu tallace-tallace da manazarta suna kururuwa tare da duk muryoyin cewa cajin mara waya yana kan kowane kusurwa. Duk wani bincike na ciki da na waje ya nuna cewa kasuwan kayan masarufi na karuwa, irin wadannan caja sun yi yawa, kuma masu kera motoci na alfarma kawai sun kera su cikin dakin wayar. Kuma masoyi, kyawawan alamun alama ba su san ta yaya ba. Kuma ku, a matsayin ɗan kasuwa, tare da manazarta, ku fara shawo kan kowa da kowa cewa kuna buƙatar ƙara wannan zaɓi a cikin tutocinku. Shin yana da ma'ana? Ee. Har ma sun yarda da ku, amma kuma akwai matsalolin ƙarfin da ba za a iya jurewa ba dangane da samarwa.

Abu na farko da injiniyoyi suka gaya maka shine buƙatar sake fasalin injin. A cikin akwati na ƙarfe, cajin shigar ba zai yi aiki ba. Canza harka ta atomatik yana nufin cikakken sake fasalin duk abubuwan ciki da kuma dogon lokaci na gwaje-gwajen damuwa, lokacin da aka gudanar da sabbin shari'o'i a cikin yanayi daban-daban kuma an gwada su duka don ƙarfi da duk wani tasirin waje, daga girgiza zuwa danshi.

Na biyu ba kawai buƙatar ƙirƙirar akwati ba ne, amma buƙatar tanadin kayan masarufi, kamar gilashin. A cikin ka'idar, zaku iya gwada gwada samfuran da ke amfani da gilashin halaye iri ɗaya, amma wannan yana ƙara haɗarin lahani mai yawa a cikin na'urorin kasuwanci. Ƙarshe mai zuwa ya biyo baya daga wannan, dole ne a ƙirƙira samfura a kan wani ɓangaren da ke da yawa kuma ana iya gwada shi a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje.

Bulogin gini, ko game da abubuwan da aka gyara

Kasancewar wasu sassa a matakin ƙirar na'ura wani labari ne na daban. Tuta kan yi amfani da abubuwan da har yanzu ba a samu su ba, kuma ba a san yadda za su yi aiki a aikace ba. Waɗannan su ne haɗarin da masana'anta ke ɗauka, kuma koyaushe yana ƙoƙarin rage su. Hanya mafi kyau don yin wannan ita ce siyan hannun jari a cikin masana'anta don ku sami damar yin amfani da duk takaddun ciki, sarrafa tsarin masana'anta kuma koyaushe fahimtar ainihin abin da ke faruwa a cikin samarwa. Misali, Samsung ya saka hannun jari a Corning saboda wannan dalili kuma ya fahimci yuwuwar samarwa, yana ganin waɗanne tsararrun gilashin da kuma lokacin da suka fito, za su iya amfana daga ƙaddamar da su.

Muhimmin batu - masana'anta ba dole ba ne kuma bai kamata ya sanar da abubuwan da yake amfani da su a cikin na'urorinsa ba. Misali, Samsung sau da yawa yana sanya sabbin tsararraki na gilashin Corning akan tutocin tukwane, amma ba ya magana game da shi. Kuma kawai bayan duba aikace-aikacen yadda suke bayyana kansu, suna sanar da kasancewarsu a kan tutar na gaba. Wannan dabarar tana da lafiya, saboda idan matsala ta faru, ana gyara samarwa kuma an dawo da shi zuwa tsohuwar sigar gilashin, yayin da babu wani ra'ayi tsakanin masu amfani (ba a sami matsala ba tukuna, amma ma'anar dabarun, ina tsammanin, shine. bayyana daga bayanin).

Ba kamar gine-gine ba, inda nau’in ginshiqan gini da kuma, bulo-bulo ba su bambanta da yawa daga shekara zuwa shekara ba (ku gafarta mani magina, na san akwai ci gaba, amma ba su kai ga na’urar lantarki ba). Samar da wayowin komai da ruwan yana canzawa sosai. An tsara abubuwa da yawa don tsarin rayuwa (zagayowar masana'antu) na shekaru 3-6, kamar samfuran kyamara. Hatta abubuwan da aka gyara kamar microphones suna canzawa lokaci zuwa lokaci, kuma dole ne a yi la'akari da wannan a cikin aikin.

Tun kafin samar da na'urar, kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa kuna da isassun isassun abubuwa masu mahimmanci, musamman idan sun kasance na musamman. Misali, a farkon watanni uku na tallace-tallace na K750i, Sony Ericsson ya fuskanci ƙarancin samfuran kyamara, tunda sun kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin, babu madadin masu ba da kayayyaki. Wannan samfurin ya zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, kuma tallace-tallacensa ya zarce hasashen da aka yi ta sau da yawa, iyakance shi ne gazawar mai siyar da kayan aikin kamara don ƙara yawan samarwa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Wani misali shi ne sakin Motorola RAZR, babu siraran madannai irin wannan a kasuwa, kuma Motorola ya sami fasahar da ta dace daga wani kamfanin kera kalkuleta a Koriya ta Kudu. Amma ba za su iya samun ikon mallakar irin waɗannan maɓallan wayar ba, kuma ba su sayi mai ba da kaya ba, ba tare da sanin cewa RAZR zai zama babbar matsala ba. A sakamakon haka, bayan watanni shida, lokacin da tallace-tallace na RAZR ya karu, wasu masana'antun sun fara ƙirƙirar na'urori masu bakin ciki tare da maɓallan maɓalli masu kama. Amma muna sha'awar gaskiyar cewa neman mai sayarwa a cikin wannan harka ya ɗauki kimanin watanni shida. Idan babu tsayayyen lokaci don haɓaka RAZR, wannan ya halatta. Amma ga samfuran serial waɗanda ke fitowa a lokaci guda a kowace shekara, wannan ba abin karɓa bane. Don haka, masana'antun da yawa suna neman sabbin nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin gwiwa a cikin layi ɗaya kuma ba tare da takamaiman na'urori ba.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kan tebur. sifili

Ƙungiyoyi suna ƙirƙira ɗakunan karatu na abubuwan abubuwan da suka dace, gami da ba da odar duk abubuwan ci gaba masu ban sha'awa, don ci gaba da ci gaba. Idan Apple ya sayi kyamarori na gaba tare da na'urori masu auna firikwensin IR don gwaji, wannan ba yana nufin kwata-kwata za su bayyana a cikin samfuran nan gaba ba. Wadannan su ne sassan da injiniyoyin kamfanin ke dubawa da kuma tantance karfinsu. Kuma akwai ɗaruruwan irin waɗannan abubuwan, sau da yawa ba su kai ga samfur na ciki ba, ana kawar da su a matakin zaɓi.

Bugu da ƙari, binciken kasuwa mai ban sha'awa, lokacin da injiniyoyi za su iya samun wani abu mai ban sha'awa da ban sha'awa, akwai wani bincike da aka yi niyya wanda aka samo shi daga buƙatun manazarta / 'yan kasuwa lokacin da suka ga dama a wasu fasaha. Misali mai kyau na irin wannan binciken da aka yi niyya shine ƙirƙirar TouchID ta Apple, lokacin da kamfanin ya tsara abubuwan da ake buƙata don firikwensin kuma ya cimma ƙirƙira ta, tare da kare fasahar tare da wasu haƙƙin mallaka kuma yana da wahala ga masu fafatawa su hanzarta maimaita wannan bangaren. . Wannan misali ne na ci gaba mai ma'ana na sashi tare da abokin tarayya, inda aka samo buƙatun farko daga fahimtar buƙatu daga ɓangaren ƙungiyar aiki da ke aiki akan wani samfuri.

A matakin ƙirar ƙirar, yana da matukar mahimmanci ba kawai don samun sashin aiki ba, amma don fahimtar cewa zaku iya samun shi a isassun adadi a daidai lokacin. Misali, don iPhone X, na'urar daukar hotan takardu ba ta shirya akan lokaci ba, yana da wahala a kera shi cikin sharuɗɗan tunani daga Apple. Ita kanta fasahar tana da sarƙaƙƙiya, kuma duk masu samar da ita suna fuskantar matsaloli iri ɗaya: na'urar firikwensin ba ta da ƙarfi, kuma ana buƙatar cikakken daidaito wajen kera ta. Abubuwan da aka samu na samfuran da suka dace shine kusan 20%, wanda ke haifar da matsalar samar da taro. Kuma samun masu samar da kayayyaki daban-daban guda biyar baya bada garantin cewa Apple yana samun adadin da yake buƙata. Sakamakon haka, kamfanin har ma ya kai ga ƙaddamar da halayen na'urori masu auna firikwensin don batches na farko na iPhone X kawai don samun su a cikin wasu ƙididdiga masu mahimmanci (zaku iya karanta game da wannan a cikin labarin Bloomberg mai ban sha'awa).

Matsala tare da firikwensin 3D na iPhone X shine cewa wani a cikin rukunin aiki wanda ke yin wannan na'urar yayi tunanin cewa yawancin masu samar da kayayyaki, gasa tsakanin su, na iya magance matsalar inganci da yawa. Babban kuskure ne. Bugu da ƙari, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙa'idodi na farko, nau'in manufa, shima kuskure ne kuma baya ba da damar samun adadin da ake so na fitar da kayan. Bugu da kari, babban ingancin firikwensin a cikin ƙaramin ƙara yana nufin rashin haƙuri ga girgiza lokacin da aka jefar, allon zai tsira tare da su, amma FaceID yana da yuwuwar a'a.

<> Duk waɗannan cututtuka ne na tsare-tsare da ingancin aikin ƙungiyar, ƙungiyar ƴan kasuwa, injiniyoyi da manazarta. Lura cewa ban ambaci masu zanen kaya ta kowace hanya ba, tunda a matakin sifili kusan kusan ba su taɓa shiga aikin ba (banda kamfanoni irin su Vertu, inda ƙirar ke ba da umarnin cikawa, shine fifiko).

Lokacin da masana'anta ba su canza wani abu na asali a cikin na'urorinsu ba, ƙirƙirar su yana da sauƙi, yuwuwar adadin kurakurai yana da ƙasa. Canja zuwa sabon chassis koyaushe babban haɗari ne cewa wani abu zai yi kuskure. Kuma wannan ka'ida gaskiya ce ga kowane masana'anta, kodayake akwai dabaru da yawa don rage haɗari gwargwadon iko, amma ba zai yuwu a guje su gaba ɗaya ba.

A cikin zagayowar sifili, akwai ƙayyadaddun lokaci lokacin da ƙungiyar aiki ta bincika yiwuwar, abin da zai sami lokacin ƙirƙira da gwadawa, waɗanne ayyuka sun zama mara amfani kuma ba a buƙata, menene masu fafatawa da abin da samfurin ku ke buƙata. A wannan matakin, samfurin ba shi da ƙira tukuna (ko da yake ana iya ɗauka), babu ƙayyadaddun fasali, babu jerin BOM, kuma kawai maƙasudi (Farashin shelf, ƙima mai mahimmanci, saitin fasalin fasalin da aka gada daga ƙarni na baya). Zamu iya cewa bisa sharaɗi cewa wannan shiri ne na yadda samfurin ya kamata ya kasance da kyau, kuma a nan an ƙirƙiri zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa don nan gaba, waɗanda za su shiga tattaunawa a cikin kamfani kuma an daidaita su azaman hanyoyin haɓakawa. Matsayin sifili, a matsayin mai mulkin, yana ɗaukar watanni 1.5-2, da wuya ya wuce watanni 2-3 a cikin manyan kamfanoni. Kuma bayan an fahimci ainihin abin da kamfani ke ƙirƙira, mataki na farko ya fara, lokacin da na'urar ta sami kashin baya, wanda sai ya cika da nama. Amma za mu yi magana game da mataki na farko a cikin wani labarin dabam, tun da ba zai yiwu a yi magana game da shi a taƙaice ba.

Nazarin kujera #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juyawa zuwa wayowin komai da ruwan kan tebur. Matakin sifili

Wayar hannu, ko kuma gabaɗaya wayar, ita ce ta fi shahara a cikin ingantattun samfuran fasaha. Kowannenmu yana amfani da ɗaya ko ɗayan wayoyin hannu, wani yana canza su sau da yawa a shekara, wani sau ɗaya a cikin ƴan shekaru. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi jayayya cewa wannan ita ce mafi shaharar na'urar da muka saba. Wani sanannen ya haifar da jin cewa wannan na'ura ce mai sauƙi wacce ba ta buƙatar ilimi da ƙwarewa na musamman don haɓakawa, cewa kowane kawu Liao zai iya sarrafa ta, har ma da waɗanda suka sami ilimi mafi girma a manyan jami'o'in Yammacin Turai. Abin takaici ne, amma irin wannan jin dadi fiye da kowane lokaci da nisa daga gaskiya, kuma ƙirƙirar wayar salula kusan kusan yawancin matsalolin da injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ke shawo kan kowace rana, a matsayin mai mulkin, ba su taɓa saduwa da kwanakin ƙarshe ba. Don bayyana dalla-dalla da kuma a hankali kowane matakai na ƙirƙirar wayar hannu (a ka'ida, duk waɗannan matakan da ƙari ko ragi sun dace da kowane kayan lantarki), zan buƙaci rubuta kundin kundin guda biyu. Amma a cikin tsarin ƙaramin abu, zan yi ƙoƙari in nuna, a zayyana kuma ba tare da nutsewa cikin cikakkun bayanai ba, waɗanne matsaloli ke jiran masu haɓakawa da yadda ake warware su.

Tun da ƙirƙirar samfuran tutoci shine tsari mafi ɗaukar lokaci kuma ya haɗa da matsaloli mafi girma, zamu ɗauki irin waɗannan na'urori a matsayin misali, a cikin ɓangaren tsakiya da na kasafin kuɗi, ana magance matsaloli da yawa cikin sauƙi.

Tsarin wayar hannu a matakin ra'ayi - 'yan kasuwa, injiniyoyi, manazarta

Ba komai tsawon lokacin da kamfanin ku ya kasance, 'yan makonnin da suka gabata ko shekarun da suka gabata, tsarin samar da alama ko kuma kawai babbar na'ura, kamar kowace, yana farawa da ra'ayi. Bambancin ra'ayoyin wani nau'in ra'ayi ne wanda ke yawo a kan shugabannin masu daukar ma'aikata a kasuwar wayoyin hannu daga shekara zuwa shekara. Sau da yawa mutane sun gaskata cewa idan wani bai yi wani abu a aikace ba, to wannan rashin tunani ne. A matsayinka na mai mulki, tunanin ba shi da alaƙa da shi, kuma matsalar ta ta'allaka ne a cikin rashin yiwuwar samar da samfurin kasuwanci mai mahimmanci don aiwatar da na'urar "m". Misali shine YotaPhone, wayar Rasha ce mai allon eINK na biyu wanda ke ba da fitar da bayanai da kuma tsawaita rayuwar batir. A ka'idar.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Na'urorin samfur na farko masu fuska na biyu sun bayyana a kasuwa shekaru goma kafin ra'ayin YotaPhone, shekaru biyar kafin haka akwai na'urori masu fuskar eINK. Amma babu wani daga cikin masana'antun da ya yi ƙarfin hali don ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan na'urori a cikin jerin, tun da nazarin ra'ayin a matakin farko ya nuna rashin yiwuwarsa. Ga wasu tambayoyin da suka hana wasu kamfanoni ƙaddamar da irin wannan inji:

  • Allon na biyu yana sa wayar ta fi tsadar ƙira;
  • Allon na biyu yana ƙara yuwuwar fasa na'urar, buƙatar gyara ya fi girma (halayen kayan gyara suna girma);
  • Samun allon baki da fari na biyu ko ma launi ba zai yiwu ba ba tare da ƙwararren mai fafatawa ba, saboda ƙirar guda ɗaya ba ta iya ƙirƙirar abubuwa;
  • Tsarin haɓaka yana ƙaruwa, tunda aiki tare da allo na biyu yana buƙatar ƙirƙirar software na musamman waɗanda ba kowa ke buƙata sai wanda ya kera irin wannan na'urar;
  • Hadware R&D farashin suma sun fi girma, ana buƙatar ƙirƙirar sabbin kayan aiki, samarwa da ƙimar sarrafa inganci sun fi girma (rashin zaɓin masana'antar jama'a tare da ƙananan farashin taro).
Na'urorin Yota sun yi la'akari da cewa duk waɗannan matsalolin za a iya shawo kan su kuma ƙirƙirar irin wannan na'urar. Amma, kamar yadda muka riga muka sani, sun yi kuskure, kuma YotaPhone bai shahara ba. Lokacin haɓaka ra'ayin sabon na'ura, manyan kamfanoni suna ƙoƙarin haɗa mutane da fasaha daban-daban a cikin ƙungiyar aiki, a matsayin mai mulkin, waɗannan ba kawai injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ba ne, amma har ma manazarta da masu kasuwa. Kasancewar ƙarshen yana da ban mamaki koyaushe, saboda masu kasuwa suna hulɗa da haɓaka samfuran da aka riga aka ƙirƙira, me yasa suke a matakin sifili? Amsar a bayyane take - lokacin da ake tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na'urar, kasancewar mai kasuwa yana ba ku damar cimma hadahadar ayyukan da za su iya kashe kopecks uku a cikin haɓakawa ko zama cikakkiyar 'yanci, amma a cikin tallace-tallace za su juya zuwa zama fa'idar gasa ta musamman.

A zamanin Apple na Tim Cook, ci gaban iPhone gaba ɗaya ya koma kan ƙa'idodin masana'antar da Samsung, Huawei da sauran kamfanoni suka ɗauka. Kafin wannan, Apple kusan bai yi amfani da aikin manazarta ba, bai kwatanta samfuran su da masu fafatawa ba, amma sun bi hanyarsu - ba ma'ana a gare mu mu tattauna yadda yake daidai ba, gaskiyar ita ce Apple bai bi tsarin ba. kasuwa, amma siffata da kanta. Me yasa muke buƙatar manazarta a matakin tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na gaba smartphone? Amsar ita ce mai sauƙi, masu bincike ne da aikinsu wanda ya ba mu damar tantance yanayin da ke cikin kamfani tare da samfurori na yau da kullum da kuma kafa harsashi na samfurori na gaba.

A tsarin tsari, ana iya siffanta aikin manazarci kamar haka:

  • Kwatanta halayen fasaha na ƙirar zamani daga masana'anta daban-daban;
  • Bayyana halaye na musamman na masu fafatawa, bullar sabbin fasahohin da za a iya amfani da su;
  • Tattara ƙididdiga da bayanai game da abubuwan da ake amfani da su a cikin ƙirar asali.

A aikace, aikin manazarci a matakin sifili ya yi kama da sauqi. Misali, a cikin Galaxy S6 da kuma samfuran wannan ƙarni na Samsung, akwai tashar infrared don sarrafa kayan aikin gida.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu da counter. Sifili mataki

Samsung yana da daidaitaccen nau'i na bincike don kowane fasalin wayar hannu, duka hardware da software. Game da tashar jiragen ruwa infrared, wannan shine kididdigar amfani da shi, kashi nawa ne masu amfani suka kunna shi, sau nawa suke amfani da shi. Bugu da ƙari, a matsayin mai mulkin, wannan ba tarin ƙididdiga na lokaci ɗaya ba ne, amma saka idanu akai-akai na abin da ke faruwa a cikin motsi. Don haka, a cikin Galaxy S6, an tallata aikin sarrafa nesa don kayan aiki ta amfani da saƙonnin turawa, wato, a wannan lokacin ya riga ya bayyana cewa mutane ba sa amfani da tashar infrared akan na'urorin da suka gabata, amma ba a bayyana dalilin da ya sa ba. daga jahilci ko rashin amfani na na'urar kanta.Bayan ƙaddamar da tallace-tallace a kan dukkan na'urori, mun sami kididdiga: wasu kaso na mutane sun kalli tallan, ƙaramin juzu'i na wannan lambar ya ƙaddamar da aikace-aikacen kuma ya gwada tashar infrared. Lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai kuma sun nuna cewa yawancin mutane sun gwada infrared a cikin makonnin farko bayan siyan wayar hannu sannan ba su dawo cikinta ba. Adadin wadanda suke amfani da tashar infrared akai-akai ba ma kaso ne na kashi dari ba, mutane da dama ne na miliyoyin kwafin na'urori. Tare da farashi na ƙididdiga 4 don tashar tashar IR, tare da farashin R&D wanda ke da arha saboda yawan zagayawa, farashin kamfanin ya kasance kaɗan. Amma farashi ne wanda bai yi aiki ba a aikace, saboda mutane ba su yi amfani da fasalin ba ko da bayan kamfanin ya haɓaka fasalin. Kin amincewa da IrDA ya haifar da tanadin dala miliyan 3.5 a shekara, wanda ke zama faduwa a cikin teku ga wani kamfani na Samsung, amma da farko. Hakanan ya 'yantar da albarkatu tare da rage yiwuwar gazawar na'urar saboda sauƙaƙe ƙira. Tunanin na iya yin kama da sharadi, amma akwai ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙididdiga masu aiki waɗanda ke bayyana adadin kira zuwa sabis da dogaronsu akan sarƙar na'urar. Babu wani abu da ke canzawa daga aiki ɗaya, amma yawancinsu ana bitarsu kowace shekara don kowane ƙirar (waɗannan duka software ne da ayyukan hardware).

Ga masu amfani da guda ɗaya waɗanda suka yi amfani da wayar su azaman abin sarrafawa, wannan wani nau'in bala'i ne. Amma a cikin babban kamfani, ana iya yin watsi da su, ko da sun zaɓi wani masana'anta (Huawei / Meizu / Xiaomi da sauransu) waɗanda ba su ƙi irin wannan aikin ba.

A cikin sharadi, aikin manazarci (masu sarrafa samfuran galibi suna taka rawa a cikin kamfanoni) ana iya la'akari da ƙin wasu ayyuka waɗanda ba su zama gama gari ba a kasuwa tare da masu fafatawa kai tsaye, da kuma neman fasalin na'urori masu fafatawa. wanda ya bambanta su. Bari mu kalli wani misali, wato ditching jack 3.5mm akan iPhone 7 da kuma daga baya. Abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan ba a tsara su ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa masu amfani ba su yi amfani da belun kunne tare da iPhone ba, akasin haka, sun yi shi koyaushe, kuma yawancin sun gamsu da tarin EarPods.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Ba za a iya bayyana rashin amincewa da jack na 3.5 mm ba kawai ta bayyanar kariya ta ruwa, tun da sauran masana'antun suna da irin wannan jack kuma suna da daidaitattun kariyar IP67 / 68. To me yasa Apple ya dauki irin wannan matakin da ba a so? Amsar a bayyane take, sun yi hakan ne don kara yawan ribar da suke samu a daya bangaren kuma su rage farashi a daya bangaren.

Lokacin da ake amfani da kariya ta ruwa, farashin kariya ga kowane rami a kan akwati ya kai kusan kashi ɗaya. Kananan abubuwa? Amma don kewayawa na dubun-dubatar na'urori, wannan ya riga ya kawo wasu tanadi. Kuma mafi mahimmanci, akwai ƙididdiga kan nawa za ku iya samu yayin ƙirƙirar jackphone na lasifikan kai. Tallace-tallacen kayan haɗin ku sun haura 1.25x akan matsakaita saboda mutane ba za su iya amfani da madadin belun kunne ba, kawai ba su da su a hannu. Har ila yau, yana ƙaddamar da sabon tsarin sabunta jeri na lasifikan kai ta abokan hulɗa, waɗanda dole ne su biya don amfani da nau'in haɗin yanar gizon ku, wanda ke kawo ƙarin kuɗi wanda ya riga ya kasance a cikin dubun-dubatar riba.

A gefe mara kyau, kuna haifar da matsaloli ga abokan cinikin ku, ba za su iya amfani da belun kunne na iPhone tare da wasu na'urorin kamfanin ku, misali, MacBook. Amma a ka'idar, ana iya bayyana hakan ta hanyar canzawa zuwa belun kunne mara waya, wanda ke zama fifiko, kuma haɓakar wannan ɓangaren kuma yana nufin haɓaka kai tsaye a cikin kuɗin shiga na kamfanin ku. Wannan wani ɓoyayyiyar haɓaka ce ta farashin mallakar iphone, wanda aka ƙirƙira da kuma shimfiɗa ta a matakin ra'ayi.

Bari in baku wani misali, wanda shine rashin firikwensin hoton yatsa akan $1,000+ iPhone X.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Don buɗewa, ana amfani da firikwensin 3D don duba fuskarka, fasahar da ake kira FaceID. Amma me yasa Apple ya watsar da firikwensin yatsa, wanda ya cancanci shahara kuma yawancin masu amfani akan iOS ke amfani dashi? Af, babu wani kididdiga na hukuma game da amfani da TouchID na Apple, amma duk binciken kai tsaye ya nuna cewa wannan ya fi kashi 50% na masu amfani.

Batun ƙin TouchID bai ta'allaka cikin amincin fasahar ba, a'a, rashin iya aiwatar da firikwensin da ke saman gaban wayar, wanda a yanzu allon ya mamaye shi. Kuma rashin son maimaita Huawei da canja wurin firikwensin zuwa sashin baya. Rashin fasahar da ke ba ka damar sanya firikwensin a ƙarƙashin allon, da / ko tsadar irin wannan firikwensin.

Sai dai itace cewa Apple yana ƙoƙarin maimaita fafatawa a gasa kai tsaye, waɗanda suka gabatar da buɗe fuska a baya, amma a lokaci guda suna ƙoƙarin rage farashin kayan aikin, wato, ba don amfani da zaɓuɓɓukan biyu ba - firikwensin yatsa da firikwensin da ke gane fuska. Jita-jita sun yi iƙirarin cewa yawancin iPhones a cikin 2018 za su rasa firikwensin sawun yatsa kuma su canza zuwa FaceID. Wannan zaɓi ne mai mahimmanci, wanda ake buƙata ta buƙatar kiyaye farashin na'urori a wani matakin, lokacin da aka cimma daidaito tsakanin farashi da aiki. Ga manyan masana'antun, sauran masana'antun ba su damu da wannan batu ba, tun da yake ba sa kula da yawan farashi da riba, kamar yadda a cikin Apple, inda suke la'akari da waɗannan alkaluman, idan ba masu tsarki ba, to, kusa da su.

'Yan kasuwa da manazarta sun fi dogara ga injiniyoyi, saboda lokacin da suke bayar da aiwatar da wani abu a cikin sabbin samfura, komai ya dogara ne akan tsarin samarwa da kuɗi. Misali, ƙara caji mara waya zuwa kowane flagship ba shi da wahala a kallon farko. Ta fuskar fasaha, wannan aikin banza ne, kuma matsakaitan injiniya na iya sarrafa shi. Don haka? Don haka!

Yanzu me ya yi kama da gaske, lokacin da a watan Agusta kun san cewa zuwa watan Agustan shekara mai zuwa, yakamata a fara samar da sabon tutar ku. Masu tallace-tallace da manazarta suna kururuwa tare da duk muryoyin cewa cajin mara waya yana kan kowane kusurwa. Duk wani bincike na ciki da na waje ya nuna cewa kasuwan kayan masarufi na karuwa, irin wadannan caja sun yi yawa, kuma masu kera motoci na alfarma kawai sun kera su cikin dakin wayar. Kuma masoyi, kyawawan alamun alama ba su san ta yaya ba. Kuma ku, a matsayin ɗan kasuwa, tare da manazarta, ku fara shawo kan kowa da kowa cewa kuna buƙatar ƙara wannan zaɓi a cikin tutocinku. Shin yana da ma'ana? Ee. Har ma sun yarda da ku, amma kuma akwai matsalolin ƙarfin da ba za a iya jurewa ba dangane da samarwa.

Abu na farko da injiniyoyin ke gaya muku shine cewa kuna buƙatar sake fasalin injin. A cikin akwati na ƙarfe, cajin shigar ba zai yi aiki ba. Canza harka ta atomatik yana nufin cikakken sake fasalin duk abubuwan ciki da kuma dogon lokaci na gwaje-gwajen damuwa, lokacin da aka gudanar da sabbin shari'o'i a cikin yanayi daban-daban kuma an gwada su duka don ƙarfi da duk wani tasirin waje, daga girgiza zuwa danshi.

Na biyu ba kawai buƙatar ƙirƙirar akwati ba ne, amma buƙatar tanadin kayan masarufi, kamar gilashin. A cikin ka'idar, zaku iya gwada gwada samfuran da ke amfani da gilashin halaye iri ɗaya, amma wannan yana ƙara haɗarin lahani mai yawa a cikin na'urorin kasuwanci. Wannan ya kai ga ƙarshe mai zuwa, dole ne a ƙirƙira samfura akan abin da ke da yawa kuma ana iya gwada shi a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje.

Bulogin gini, ko game da abubuwan da aka gyara

Kasancewar wasu sassa a matakin ƙirar na'ura wani labari ne na daban. Tuta kan yi amfani da abubuwan da har yanzu ba a samu su ba, kuma ba a san yadda za su yi aiki a aikace ba. Waɗannan su ne haɗarin da masana'anta ke ɗauka, kuma koyaushe yana ƙoƙarin rage su. Hanya mafi kyau don yin wannan ita ce siyan hannun jari a cikin masana'anta don ku sami damar yin amfani da duk takaddun ciki, sarrafa tsarin masana'anta kuma koyaushe fahimtar ainihin abin da ke faruwa a cikin samarwa. Misali, Samsung ya saka hannun jari a Corning saboda wannan dalili kuma ya fahimci yuwuwar samarwa, yana ganin waɗanne tsararrun gilashin da kuma lokacin da suka fito, za su iya amfana daga ƙaddamar da su.

Muhimmin batu - masana'anta ba dole ba ne kuma bai kamata ya sanar da abubuwan da yake amfani da su a cikin na'urorinsa ba. Misali, Samsung sau da yawa yana sanya sabbin tsararraki na gilashin Corning akan tutocin tukwane, amma ba ya magana game da shi. Kuma kawai bayan duba aikace-aikacen yadda suke bayyana kansu, suna sanar da kasancewarsu a kan tutar na gaba. Wannan dabarar tana da lafiya, saboda idan matsala ta faru, ana gyara samarwa kuma an dawo da shi zuwa tsohuwar sigar gilashin, yayin da babu wani ra'ayi tsakanin masu amfani (ba a sami matsala ba tukuna, amma ma'anar dabarun, ina tsammanin, shine. bayyana daga bayanin).

Ba kamar gine-gine ba, inda nau’in ginshiqan gini da kuma, bulo-bulo ba su bambanta da yawa daga shekara zuwa shekara ba (ku gafarta mani magina, na san akwai ci gaba, amma ba su kai ga na’urar lantarki ba). Samar da wayowin komai da ruwan yana canzawa sosai. An tsara abubuwa da yawa don tsarin rayuwa (zagayowar masana'antu) na shekaru 3-6, kamar samfuran kyamara. Hatta abubuwan da aka gyara kamar microphones suna canzawa lokaci zuwa lokaci, kuma dole ne a yi la'akari da wannan a cikin aikin.

Tun kafin samar da na'urar, kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa kuna da isassun isassun abubuwa masu mahimmanci, musamman idan sun kasance na musamman. Misali, a farkon watanni uku na tallace-tallace na K750i, Sony Ericsson ya fuskanci ƙarancin samfuran kyamara, tunda sun kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin, babu madadin masu ba da kayayyaki. Wannan samfurin ya zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, kuma tallace-tallacensa ya zarce hasashen da aka yi ta sau da yawa, iyakance shi ne gazawar mai siyar da kayan aikin kamara don ƙara yawan samarwa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Wani misali shi ne sakin Motorola RAZR, babu siraran madannai irin wannan a kasuwa, kuma Motorola ya sami fasahar da ta dace daga wani kamfanin kera kalkuleta a Koriya ta Kudu. Amma ba za su iya samun ikon mallakar irin waɗannan maɓallan wayar ba, kuma ba su sayi mai ba da kaya ba, ba tare da sanin cewa RAZR zai zama babbar matsala ba. A sakamakon haka, bayan watanni shida, lokacin da tallace-tallace na RAZR ya karu, wasu masana'antun sun fara ƙirƙirar na'urori masu bakin ciki tare da maɓallan maɓalli masu kama. Amma muna sha'awar gaskiyar cewa neman mai sayarwa a cikin wannan harka ya ɗauki kimanin watanni shida. Idan babu tsayayyen lokaci don haɓaka RAZR, wannan ya halatta. Amma ga samfuran serial waɗanda ke fitowa a lokaci guda a kowace shekara, wannan ba abin karɓa bane. Don haka, masana'antun da yawa suna neman sabbin nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin gwiwa a cikin layi ɗaya kuma ba tare da takamaiman na'urori ba.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kan tebur. sifili

Ƙungiyoyi suna ƙirƙira ɗakunan karatu na abubuwan abubuwan da suka dace, gami da ba da odar duk abubuwan ci gaba masu ban sha'awa, don ci gaba da ci gaba. Idan Apple ya sayi kyamarori na gaba tare da na'urori masu auna firikwensin IR don gwaji, wannan ba yana nufin kwata-kwata za su bayyana a cikin samfuran nan gaba ba. Wadannan su ne sassan da injiniyoyin kamfanin ke dubawa da kuma tantance karfinsu. Kuma akwai ɗaruruwan irin waɗannan abubuwan, sau da yawa ba su kai ga samfur na ciki ba, ana kawar da su a matakin zaɓi.

Bugu da ƙari, binciken kasuwa mai ban sha'awa, lokacin da injiniyoyi za su iya samun wani abu mai ban sha'awa da ban sha'awa, akwai wani bincike da aka yi niyya wanda aka samo shi daga buƙatun manazarta / 'yan kasuwa lokacin da suka ga dama a wasu fasaha. Misali mai kyau na irin wannan binciken da aka yi niyya shine ƙirƙirar TouchID ta Apple, lokacin da kamfanin ya tsara abubuwan da ake buƙata don firikwensin kuma ya cimma ƙirƙira ta, tare da kare fasahar tare da wasu haƙƙin mallaka kuma yana da wahala ga masu fafatawa su hanzarta maimaita wannan bangaren. . Wannan misali ne na ci gaba mai ma'ana na sashi tare da abokin tarayya, inda aka samo buƙatun farko daga fahimtar buƙatu daga ɓangaren ƙungiyar aiki da ke aiki akan wani samfuri.

A matakin ƙirar ƙirar, yana da matukar mahimmanci ba kawai don samun sashin aiki ba, amma don fahimtar cewa zaku iya samun shi a isassun adadi a daidai lokacin. Misali, don iPhone X, na'urar daukar hotan takardu ba ta shirya akan lokaci ba, yana da wahala a kera shi cikin sharuɗɗan tunani daga Apple. Ita kanta fasahar tana da sarƙaƙƙiya, kuma duk masu samar da ita suna fuskantar matsaloli iri ɗaya: na'urar firikwensin ba ta da ƙarfi, kuma ana buƙatar cikakken daidaito wajen kera ta. Abubuwan da aka samu na samfuran da suka dace shine kusan 20%, wanda ke haifar da matsalar samar da taro. Kuma samun masu samar da kayayyaki daban-daban guda biyar baya bada garantin cewa Apple yana samun adadin da yake buƙata. Sakamakon haka, kamfanin har ma ya kai ga ƙaddamar da halayen na'urori masu auna firikwensin don batches na farko na iPhone X kawai don samun su a cikin wasu ƙididdiga masu mahimmanci (zaku iya karanta game da wannan a cikin labarin Bloomberg mai ban sha'awa).

Matsala tare da firikwensin 3D na iPhone X shine cewa wani a cikin rukunin aiki wanda ke yin wannan na'urar yayi tunanin cewa yawancin masu samar da kayayyaki, gasa tsakanin su, na iya magance matsalar inganci da yawa. Babban kuskure ne. Bugu da ƙari, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙa'idodi na farko, nau'in manufa, shima kuskure ne kuma baya ba da damar samun adadin da ake so na fitar da kayan. Bugu da kari, babban ingancin firikwensin a cikin ƙaramin ƙara yana nufin rashin haƙuri ga girgiza lokacin da aka jefar, allon zai tsira tare da su, amma FaceID yana da yuwuwar a'a.

<> Duk waɗannan cututtuka ne na tsare-tsare da ingancin aikin ƙungiyar, ƙungiyar ƴan kasuwa, injiniyoyi da manazarta. Lura cewa ban ambaci masu zanen kaya ta kowace hanya ba, tunda a matakin sifili kusan kusan ba su taɓa shiga aikin ba (banda kamfanoni irin su Vertu, inda ƙirar ke ba da umarnin cikawa, shine fifiko).

Lokacin da masana'anta ba su canza wani abu na asali a cikin na'urorinsu ba, ƙirƙirar su yana da sauƙi, yuwuwar adadin kurakurai yana da ƙasa. Canja zuwa sabon chassis koyaushe babban haɗari ne cewa wani abu zai yi kuskure. Kuma wannan ka'ida gaskiya ce ga kowane masana'anta, kodayake akwai dabaru da yawa don rage haɗari gwargwadon iko, amma ba zai yuwu a guje su gaba ɗaya ba.

A cikin zagayowar sifili, akwai ƙayyadaddun lokaci lokacin da ƙungiyar aiki ta bincika yiwuwar, abin da zai sami lokacin ƙirƙira da gwadawa, waɗanne ayyuka sun zama mara amfani kuma ba a buƙata, menene masu fafatawa da abin da samfurin ku ke buƙata. A wannan matakin, samfurin ba shi da ƙira tukuna (ko da yake ana iya ɗauka), babu ƙayyadaddun fasali, babu jerin BOM, kuma kawai maƙasudi (Farashin shelf, ƙima mai mahimmanci, saitin fasalin fasalin da aka gada daga ƙarni na baya). Zamu iya cewa bisa sharaɗi cewa wannan shiri ne na yadda samfurin ya kamata ya kasance da kyau, kuma a nan an ƙirƙiri zaɓuɓɓuka da yawa don nan gaba, waɗanda za su shiga tattaunawa a cikin kamfani kuma an daidaita su azaman hanyoyin haɓakawa. Matsayin sifili, a matsayin mai mulkin, yana ɗaukar watanni 1.5-2, da wuya ya wuce watanni 2-3 a cikin manyan kamfanoni. Kuma bayan an fahimci ainihin abin da kamfani ke ƙirƙira, mataki na farko ya fara, lokacin da na'urar ta sami kashin baya, wanda sai ya cika da nama. Amma za mu yi magana game da mataki na farko a cikin wani labarin dabam, tun da ba zai yiwu a yi magana game da shi a taƙaice ba.

Nazarin kujera #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juyawa zuwa wayowin komai da ruwan kan tebur. Matakin sifili

Wayar hannu, ko kuma gabaɗaya wayar, ita ce ta fi shahara a cikin ingantattun samfuran fasaha. Kowannenmu yana amfani da ɗaya ko ɗayan wayoyin hannu, wani yana canza su sau da yawa a shekara, wani sau ɗaya a cikin ƴan shekaru. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi jayayya cewa wannan ita ce mafi shaharar na'urar da muka saba. Wani sanannen ya haifar da jin cewa wannan na'ura ce mai sauƙi wacce ba ta buƙatar ilimi da ƙwarewa na musamman don haɓakawa, cewa kowane kawu Liao zai iya sarrafa ta, har ma da waɗanda suka sami ilimi mafi girma a manyan jami'o'in Yammacin Turai. Abin takaici ne, amma irin wannan jin dadi fiye da kowane lokaci da nisa daga gaskiya, kuma ƙirƙirar wayar salula kusan kusan yawancin matsalolin da injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ke shawo kan kowace rana, a matsayin mai mulkin, ba su taɓa saduwa da kwanakin ƙarshe ba. Don bayyana dalla-dalla da kuma a hankali kowane matakai na ƙirƙirar wayar hannu (a ka'ida, duk waɗannan matakan da ƙari ko ragi sun dace da kowane kayan lantarki), zan buƙaci rubuta kundin kundin guda biyu. Amma a cikin tsarin ƙaramin abu, zan yi ƙoƙari in nuna, a zayyana kuma ba tare da nutsewa cikin cikakkun bayanai ba, waɗanne matsaloli ke jiran masu haɓakawa da yadda ake warware su.

Tun da ƙirƙirar samfuran tutoci shine tsari mafi ɗaukar lokaci kuma ya haɗa da matsaloli mafi girma, zamu ɗauki irin waɗannan na'urori a matsayin misali, a cikin ɓangaren tsakiya da na kasafin kuɗi, ana magance matsaloli da yawa cikin sauƙi.

Tsarin wayar hannu a matakin ra'ayi - 'yan kasuwa, injiniyoyi, manazarta

Ba komai tsawon lokacin da kamfanin ku ya kasance, 'yan makonnin da suka gabata ko shekarun da suka gabata, tsarin ƙirƙirar ƙirar ƙira ko kawai babbar na'ura, kamar kowace, yana farawa da ra'ayi. Bambancin ra'ayoyin wani nau'in ra'ayi ne wanda ke yawo a kan shugabannin masu daukar ma'aikata a kasuwar wayoyin hannu daga shekara zuwa shekara. Sau da yawa mutane sun gaskata cewa idan wani bai yi wani abu a aikace ba, to wannan rashin tunani ne. A matsayinka na mai mulki, tunanin ba shi da alaƙa da shi, kuma matsalar ta ta'allaka ne a cikin rashin yiwuwar samar da samfurin kasuwanci mai mahimmanci don aiwatar da na'urar "m". Misali shine YotaPhone, wayar Rasha ce mai allon eINK na biyu wanda ke ba da fitar da bayanai da kuma tsawaita rayuwar batir. A ka'idar.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Na'urorin samfur na farko masu fuska na biyu sun bayyana a kasuwa shekaru goma kafin ra'ayin YotaPhone, shekaru biyar kafin haka akwai na'urori masu fuskar eINK. Amma babu wani daga cikin masana'antun da ya yi ƙarfin hali don ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan na'urori a cikin jerin, tun da nazarin ra'ayin a matakin farko ya nuna rashin yiwuwarsa. Ga wasu tambayoyin da suka hana wasu kamfanoni ƙaddamar da irin wannan inji:

  • Allon na biyu yana sa wayar ta fi tsadar ƙira;
  • Allon na biyu yana ƙara yuwuwar fasa na'urar, buƙatar gyara ya fi girma (halayen kayan gyara suna girma);
  • Samun allon baki da fari na biyu ko ma launi ba zai yiwu ba ba tare da ƙwararren mai fafatawa ba, saboda ƙirar guda ɗaya ba ta iya ƙirƙirar abubuwa;
  • Tsarin haɓaka yana ƙaruwa, tunda aiki tare da allo na biyu yana buƙatar ƙirƙirar software na musamman waɗanda ba kowa ke buƙata sai wanda ya kera irin wannan na'urar;
  • Hadware R&D farashin suma sun fi girma, ana buƙatar ƙirƙirar sabbin kayan aiki, samarwa da ƙimar sarrafa inganci sun fi girma (rashin zaɓin masana'antar jama'a tare da ƙananan farashin taro).
Na'urorin Yota sun yi la'akari da cewa duk waɗannan matsalolin za a iya shawo kan su kuma ƙirƙirar irin wannan na'urar. Amma, kamar yadda muka riga muka sani, sun yi kuskure, kuma YotaPhone bai shahara ba. Lokacin haɓaka ra'ayin sabon na'ura, manyan kamfanoni suna ƙoƙarin haɗa mutane da fasaha daban-daban a cikin ƙungiyar aiki, a matsayin mai mulkin, waɗannan ba kawai injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ba ne, amma har ma manazarta da masu kasuwa. Kasancewar ƙarshen yana da ban mamaki koyaushe, saboda masu kasuwa suna hulɗa da haɓaka samfuran da aka riga aka ƙirƙira, me yasa suke a matakin sifili? Amsar a bayyane take - lokacin da ake tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na'urar, kasancewar mai kasuwa yana ba ku damar cimma hadahadar ayyukan da za su iya kashe kopecks uku a cikin haɓakawa ko zama cikakkiyar 'yanci, amma a cikin tallace-tallace za su juya zuwa zama fa'idar gasa ta musamman.

A zamanin Apple na Tim Cook, ci gaban iPhone gaba ɗaya ya koma kan ƙa'idodin masana'antar da Samsung, Huawei da sauran kamfanoni suka ɗauka. Kafin wannan, Apple kusan bai yi amfani da aikin manazarta ba, bai kwatanta samfuran su da masu fafatawa ba, amma sun bi hanyarsu - ba ma'ana a gare mu mu tattauna yadda yake daidai ba, gaskiyar ita ce Apple bai bi tsarin ba. kasuwa, amma siffata da kanta. Me yasa muke buƙatar manazarta a matakin tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na gaba smartphone? Amsar ita ce mai sauƙi, masu bincike ne da aikinsu wanda ya ba mu damar tantance yanayin da ke cikin kamfani tare da samfurori na yau da kullum da kuma kafa harsashi na samfurori na gaba.

A tsarin tsari, ana iya siffanta aikin manazarci kamar haka:

  • Kwatanta halayen fasaha na ƙirar zamani daga masana'anta daban-daban;
  • Bayyana halaye na musamman na masu fafatawa, bullar sabbin fasahohin da za a iya amfani da su;
  • Tattara ƙididdiga da bayanai game da abubuwan da ake amfani da su a cikin ƙirar asali.

A aikace, aikin manazarci a matakin sifili ya yi kama da sauqi. Misali, a cikin Galaxy S6 da kuma samfuran wannan ƙarni na Samsung, akwai tashar infrared don sarrafa kayan aikin gida.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu da counter. Sifili mataki

Samsung yana da daidaitaccen nau'i na bincike don kowane fasalin wayar hannu, duka hardware da software. Game da tashar jiragen ruwa infrared, wannan shine kididdigar amfani da shi, kashi nawa ne masu amfani suka kunna shi, sau nawa suke amfani da shi. Bugu da ƙari, a matsayin mai mulkin, wannan ba tarin ƙididdiga na lokaci ɗaya ba ne, amma saka idanu akai-akai na abin da ke faruwa a cikin motsi. Don haka, a cikin Galaxy S6, an tallata aikin sarrafa nesa don kayan aiki ta amfani da saƙonnin turawa, wato, a wannan lokacin ya riga ya bayyana cewa mutane ba sa amfani da tashar infrared akan na'urorin da suka gabata, amma ba a bayyana dalilin da ya sa ba. daga jahilci ko rashin amfani na na'urar kanta.Bayan ƙaddamar da tallace-tallace a kan dukkan na'urori, mun sami kididdiga: wasu kaso na mutane sun kalli tallan, ƙaramin juzu'i na wannan lambar ya ƙaddamar da aikace-aikacen kuma ya gwada tashar infrared. Lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai kuma sun nuna cewa yawancin mutane sun gwada infrared a cikin makonnin farko bayan siyan wayar hannu sannan ba su dawo cikinta ba. Adadin wadanda suke amfani da tashar infrared akai-akai ba ma kaso ne na kashi dari ba, mutane da dama ne na miliyoyin kwafin na'urori. Tare da farashi na ƙididdiga 4 don tashar tashar IR, tare da farashin R&D wanda ke da arha saboda yawan zagayawa, farashin kamfanin ya kasance kaɗan. Amma farashi ne wanda bai yi aiki ba a aikace, saboda mutane ba su yi amfani da fasalin ba ko da bayan kamfanin ya haɓaka fasalin. Kin amincewa da IrDA ya haifar da tanadin dala miliyan 3.5 a shekara, wanda ke zama faduwa a cikin teku ga wani kamfani na Samsung, amma da farko. Hakanan ya 'yantar da albarkatu tare da rage yiwuwar gazawar na'urar saboda sauƙaƙe ƙira. Tunanin na iya yin kama da sharadi, amma akwai ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙididdiga masu aiki waɗanda ke bayyana adadin kira zuwa sabis da dogaronsu akan sarƙar na'urar. Babu wani abu da ke canzawa daga aiki ɗaya, amma yawancinsu ana bitarsu kowace shekara don kowane ƙirar (waɗannan duka software ne da ayyukan hardware).

Ga masu amfani da guda ɗaya waɗanda suka yi amfani da wayar su azaman abin sarrafawa, wannan wani nau'in bala'i ne. Amma a cikin babban kamfani, ana iya yin watsi da su, ko da sun zaɓi wani masana'anta (Huawei / Meizu / Xiaomi da sauransu) waɗanda ba su ƙi irin wannan aikin ba.

A cikin sharadi, aikin manazarci (masu sarrafa samfuran galibi suna taka rawa a cikin kamfanoni) ana iya la'akari da ƙin wasu ayyuka waɗanda ba su zama gama gari ba a kasuwa tare da masu fafatawa kai tsaye, da kuma neman fasalin na'urori masu fafatawa. wanda ya bambanta su. Bari mu kalli wani misali, wato ditching jack 3.5mm akan iPhone 7 da kuma daga baya. Abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan ba a tsara su ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa masu amfani ba su yi amfani da belun kunne tare da iPhone ba, akasin haka, sun yi shi koyaushe, kuma yawancin sun gamsu da tarin EarPods.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Ba za a iya bayyana rashin amincewa da jack na 3.5 mm ba kawai ta bayyanar kariya ta ruwa, tun da sauran masana'antun suna da irin wannan jack kuma suna da daidaitattun kariyar IP67 / 68. To me yasa Apple ya dauki irin wannan matakin da ba a so? Amsar a bayyane take, sun yi hakan ne don kara yawan ribar da suke samu a daya bangaren kuma su rage farashi a daya bangaren.

Lokacin da ake amfani da kariya ta ruwa, farashin kariya ga kowane rami a kan akwati ya kai kusan kashi ɗaya. Kananan abubuwa? Amma don kewayawa na dubun-dubatar na'urori, wannan ya riga ya kawo wasu tanadi. Kuma mafi mahimmanci, akwai ƙididdiga kan nawa za ku iya samu yayin ƙirƙirar jackphone na lasifikan kai. Tallace-tallacen kayan haɗin ku sun haura 1.25x akan matsakaita saboda mutane ba za su iya amfani da madadin belun kunne ba, kawai ba su da su a hannu. Har ila yau, yana ƙaddamar da sabon tsarin sabunta jeri na lasifikan kai ta abokan hulɗa, waɗanda dole ne su biya don amfani da nau'in haɗin yanar gizon ku, wanda ke kawo ƙarin kuɗi wanda ya riga ya kasance a cikin dubun-dubatar riba.

A gefe mara kyau, kuna haifar da matsaloli ga abokan cinikin ku, ba za su iya amfani da belun kunne na iPhone tare da wasu na'urorin kamfanin ku, misali, MacBook. Amma a ka'idar, ana iya bayyana hakan ta hanyar canzawa zuwa belun kunne mara waya, wanda ke zama fifiko, kuma haɓakar wannan ɓangaren kuma yana nufin haɓaka kai tsaye a cikin kuɗin shiga na kamfanin ku. Wannan wani ɓoyayyiyar haɓaka ce ta farashin mallakar iphone, wanda aka ƙirƙira da kuma shimfiɗa ta a matakin ra'ayi.

Bari in baku wani misali, wanda shine rashin firikwensin hoton yatsa akan $1,000+ iPhone X.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Don buɗewa, ana amfani da firikwensin 3D don duba fuskarka, fasahar da ake kira FaceID. Amma me yasa Apple ya watsar da firikwensin yatsa, wanda ya cancanci shahara kuma yawancin masu amfani akan iOS ke amfani dashi? Af, babu wani kididdiga na hukuma game da amfani da TouchID na Apple, amma duk binciken kai tsaye ya nuna cewa wannan ya fi kashi 50% na masu amfani.

Batun ƙin TouchID bai ta'allaka cikin amincin fasahar ba, a'a, rashin iya aiwatar da firikwensin da ke saman gaban wayar, wanda a yanzu allon ya mamaye shi. Kuma rashin son maimaita Huawei da canja wurin firikwensin zuwa sashin baya. Rashin fasahar da ke ba ka damar sanya firikwensin a ƙarƙashin allon, da / ko tsadar irin wannan firikwensin.

Sai dai itace cewa Apple yana ƙoƙarin maimaita fafatawa a gasa kai tsaye, waɗanda suka gabatar da buɗe fuska a baya, amma a lokaci guda suna ƙoƙarin rage farashin kayan aikin, wato, ba don amfani da zaɓuɓɓukan biyu ba - firikwensin yatsa da firikwensin da ke gane fuska. Jita-jita sun yi iƙirarin cewa yawancin iPhones a cikin 2018 za su rasa firikwensin sawun yatsa kuma su canza zuwa FaceID. Wannan zaɓi ne mai mahimmanci, wanda ake buƙata ta buƙatar kiyaye farashin na'urori a wani matakin, lokacin da aka cimma daidaito tsakanin farashi da aiki. Ga manyan masana'antun, sauran masana'antun ba su damu da wannan batu ba, tun da yake ba sa kula da yawan farashi da riba, kamar yadda a cikin Apple, inda suke la'akari da waɗannan alkaluman, idan ba masu tsarki ba, to, kusa da su.

'Yan kasuwa da manazarta sun fi dogara ga injiniyoyi, saboda lokacin da suke bayar da aiwatar da wani abu a cikin sabbin samfura, komai ya dogara ne akan tsarin samarwa da kuɗi. Misali, ƙara caji mara waya zuwa kowane flagship ba shi da wahala a kallon farko. Ta fuskar fasaha, wannan aikin banza ne, kuma matsakaitan injiniya na iya sarrafa shi. Don haka? Don haka!

Yanzu me ya yi kama da gaske, lokacin da a watan Agusta kun san cewa zuwa watan Agustan shekara mai zuwa, yakamata a fara samar da sabon tutar ku. Masu tallace-tallace da manazarta suna kururuwa tare da duk muryoyin cewa cajin mara waya yana kan kowane kusurwa. Duk wani bincike na ciki da na waje ya nuna cewa kasuwan kayan masarufi na karuwa, irin wadannan caja sun yi yawa, kuma masu kera motoci na alfarma kawai sun kera su cikin dakin wayar. Kuma masoyi, kyawawan alamun alama ba su san ta yaya ba. Kuma ku, a matsayin ɗan kasuwa, tare da manazarta, ku fara shawo kan kowa da kowa cewa kuna buƙatar ƙara wannan zaɓi a cikin tutocinku. Shin yana da ma'ana? Ee. Har ma sun yarda da ku, amma kuma akwai matsalolin ƙarfin da ba za a iya jurewa ba dangane da samarwa.

Abu na farko da injiniyoyi suka gaya maka shine buƙatar sake fasalin injin. A cikin akwati na ƙarfe, cajin shigar ba zai yi aiki ba. Canza harka ta atomatik yana nufin cikakken sake fasalin duk abubuwan ciki da kuma dogon lokaci na gwaje-gwajen damuwa, lokacin da aka gudanar da sabbin shari'o'i a cikin yanayi daban-daban kuma an gwada su duka don ƙarfi da duk wani tasirin waje, daga girgiza zuwa danshi.

Na biyu ba kawai buƙatar ƙirƙirar akwati ba ne, amma buƙatar tanadin kayan masarufi, kamar gilashin. A cikin ka'idar, zaku iya gwada gwada samfuran da ke amfani da gilashin halaye iri ɗaya, amma wannan yana ƙara haɗarin lahani mai yawa a cikin na'urorin kasuwanci. Ƙarshe mai zuwa ya biyo baya daga wannan, dole ne a ƙirƙira samfura a kan wani ɓangaren da ke da yawa kuma ana iya gwada shi a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje.

Bulogin gini, ko game da abubuwan da aka gyara

Kasancewar wasu sassa a matakin ƙirar na'ura wani labari ne na daban. Tuta kan yi amfani da abubuwan da har yanzu ba a samu su ba, kuma ba a san yadda za su yi aiki a aikace ba. Waɗannan su ne haɗarin da masana'anta ke ɗauka, kuma koyaushe yana ƙoƙarin rage su. Hanya mafi kyau don yin wannan ita ce siyan hannun jari a cikin masana'anta don ku sami damar yin amfani da duk takaddun ciki, sarrafa tsarin masana'anta kuma koyaushe fahimtar ainihin abin da ke faruwa a cikin samarwa. Misali, Samsung ya saka hannun jari a Corning saboda wannan dalili kuma ya fahimci yuwuwar samarwa, yana ganin waɗanne tsararrun gilashin da kuma lokacin da suka fito, za su iya amfana daga ƙaddamar da su.

Muhimmin batu - masana'anta ba dole ba ne kuma bai kamata ya sanar da abubuwan da yake amfani da su a cikin na'urorinsa ba. Misali, Samsung sau da yawa yana sanya sabbin tsararraki na gilashin Corning akan tutocin tukwane, amma ba ya magana game da shi. Kuma kawai bayan duba aikace-aikacen yadda suke bayyana kansu, suna sanar da kasancewarsu a kan tutar na gaba. Wannan dabarar tana da lafiya, saboda idan matsala ta faru, ana gyara samarwa kuma an dawo da shi zuwa tsohuwar sigar gilashin, yayin da babu wani ra'ayi tsakanin masu amfani (ba a sami matsala ba tukuna, amma ma'anar dabarun, ina tsammanin, shine. bayyana daga bayanin).

Ba kamar gine-gine ba, inda nau’in ginshiqan gini da kuma, bulo-bulo ba su bambanta da yawa daga shekara zuwa shekara (ku gafarce ni, magina, na san akwai ci gaba, amma ba su kai ga na’urar lantarki ba) Samar da wayowin komai da ruwan yana canzawa sosai. An tsara abubuwa da yawa don rayuwa (zagayowar samarwa) na shekaru 3-6, alal misali, yana iya zama samfuran kyamara. Hatta abubuwan da aka gyara kamar microphones suna canzawa lokaci zuwa lokaci, kuma dole ne a yi la'akari da wannan a cikin aikin.

Tun kafin samar da na'urar, kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa kuna da isassun isassun abubuwa masu mahimmanci, musamman idan sun kasance na musamman. Misali, a farkon watanni uku na tallace-tallace na K750i, Sony Ericsson ya fuskanci ƙarancin samfuran kyamara, tunda sun kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin, babu madadin masu ba da kayayyaki. Wannan samfurin ya zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, kuma tallace-tallacensa ya zarce hasashen da aka yi ta sau da yawa, iyakance shi ne gazawar mai siyar da kayan aikin kamara don ƙara yawan samarwa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Armchair analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kunne da counter. Sifili mataki

Wani misali shi ne sakin Motorola RAZR, babu siraran madannai irin wannan a kasuwa, kuma Motorola ya sami fasahar da ta dace daga wani kamfanin kera kalkuleta a Koriya ta Kudu. Amma ba za su iya samun ikon mallakar irin waɗannan maɓallan wayar ba, kuma ba su sayi mai ba da kaya ba, ba tare da sanin cewa RAZR zai zama babbar matsala ba. A sakamakon haka, bayan watanni shida, lokacin da tallace-tallace na RAZR ya karu, wasu masana'antun sun fara ƙirƙirar na'urori masu bakin ciki tare da maɓallan maɓalli masu kama. Amma muna sha'awar gaskiyar cewa neman mai sayarwa a cikin wannan harka ya ɗauki kimanin watanni shida. Idan babu tsayayyen lokaci don haɓaka RAZR, wannan ya halatta. Amma ga samfuran serial waɗanda ke fitowa a lokaci guda a kowace shekara, wannan ba abin karɓa bane. Don haka, masana'antun da yawa suna neman sabbin nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin gwiwa a cikin layi ɗaya kuma ba tare da takamaiman na'urori ba.

Couch analytics #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juya zuwa wayar hannu a kan tebur. sifili

Ƙungiyoyi suna ƙirƙira ɗakunan karatu na abubuwan abubuwan da suka dace, gami da ba da odar duk abubuwan ci gaba masu ban sha'awa, don ci gaba da ci gaba. Idan Apple ya sayi kyamarori na gaba tare da na'urori masu auna firikwensin IR don gwaji, wannan ba yana nufin kwata-kwata za su bayyana a cikin samfuran nan gaba ba. Wadannan su ne sassan da injiniyoyin kamfanin ke dubawa da kuma tantance karfinsu. Kuma akwai ɗaruruwan irin waɗannan abubuwan, sau da yawa ba su kai ga samfur na ciki ba, ana kawar da su a matakin zaɓi.

Bugu da ƙari, binciken kasuwa mai ban sha'awa, lokacin da injiniyoyi za su iya samun wani abu mai ban sha'awa da ban sha'awa, akwai wani bincike da aka yi niyya wanda aka samo shi daga buƙatun manazarta / 'yan kasuwa lokacin da suka ga dama a wasu fasaha. Misali mai kyau na irin wannan binciken da aka yi niyya shine ƙirƙirar TouchID ta Apple, lokacin da kamfanin ya tsara abubuwan da ake buƙata don firikwensin kuma ya cimma ƙirƙira ta, tare da kare fasahar tare da wasu haƙƙin mallaka kuma yana da wahala ga masu fafatawa su hanzarta maimaita wannan bangaren. . Wannan misali ne na ci gaba mai ma'ana na sashi tare da abokin tarayya, inda aka samo buƙatun farko daga fahimtar buƙatu daga ɓangaren ƙungiyar aiki da ke aiki akan wani samfuri.

A matakin ƙirar ƙirar, yana da matukar mahimmanci ba kawai don samun sashin aiki ba, amma don fahimtar cewa zaku iya samun shi a isassun adadi a daidai lokacin. Misali, don iPhone X, na'urar daukar hotan takardu ba ta shirya akan lokaci ba, yana da wahala a kera shi cikin sharuɗɗan tunani daga Apple. Ita kanta fasahar tana da sarƙaƙƙiya, kuma duk masu samar da ita suna fuskantar matsaloli iri ɗaya: na'urar firikwensin ba ta da ƙarfi, kuma ana buƙatar cikakken daidaito wajen kera ta. Abubuwan da aka samu na samfuran da suka dace shine kusan 20%, wanda ke haifar da matsalar samar da taro. Kuma samun masu samar da kayayyaki daban-daban guda biyar baya bada garantin cewa Apple yana samun adadin da yake buƙata. Sakamakon haka, kamfanin har ma ya kai ga ƙaddamar da halayen na'urori masu auna firikwensin don batches na farko na iPhone X kawai don samun su a cikin wasu ƙididdiga masu mahimmanci (zaku iya karanta game da wannan a cikin labarin Bloomberg mai ban sha'awa).

Matsala tare da firikwensin 3D na iPhone X shine cewa wani a cikin rukunin aiki wanda ke yin wannan na'urar yayi tunanin cewa yawancin masu samar da kayayyaki, gasa tsakanin su, na iya magance matsalar inganci da yawa. Babban kuskure ne. Bugu da ƙari, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙa'idodi na farko, nau'in manufa, shima kuskure ne kuma baya ba da damar samun adadin da ake so na fitar da kayan. Bugu da kari, babban ingancin firikwensin a cikin ƙaramin ƙara yana nufin rashin haƙuri ga girgiza lokacin da aka jefar, allon zai tsira tare da su, amma FaceID yana da yuwuwar a'a.

Nazarin kujera #131. Yadda ra'ayi ke juyawa zuwa wayowin komai da ruwan kan tebur. Matakin sifili

Wayar hannu, ko kuma gabaɗaya wayar, ita ce ta fi shahara a cikin ingantattun samfuran fasaha. Kowannenmu yana amfani da ɗaya ko ɗayan wayoyin hannu, wani yana canza su sau da yawa a shekara, wani sau ɗaya a cikin ƴan shekaru. Ba shi yiwuwa a yi jayayya cewa wannan ita ce mafi shaharar na'urar da muka saba. Wani sanannen ya haifar da jin cewa wannan na'ura ce mai sauƙi wacce ba ta buƙatar ilimi da ƙwarewa na musamman don haɓakawa, cewa kowane kawu Liao zai iya sarrafa ta, har ma da waɗanda suka sami ilimi mafi girma a manyan jami'o'in Yammacin Turai. Abin takaici ne, amma irin wannan jin dadi fiye da kowane lokaci da nisa daga gaskiya, kuma ƙirƙirar wayar salula kusan kusan yawancin matsalolin da injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ke shawo kan kowace rana, a matsayin mai mulkin, ba su taɓa saduwa da kwanakin ƙarshe ba. Don bayyana dalla-dalla da kuma a hankali kowane matakai na ƙirƙirar wayar hannu (a ka'ida, duk waɗannan matakan da ƙari ko ragi sun dace da kowane kayan lantarki), zan buƙaci rubuta kundin kundin guda biyu. Amma a cikin tsarin ƙaramin abu, zan yi ƙoƙari in nuna, a zayyana kuma ba tare da nutsewa cikin cikakkun bayanai ba, waɗanne matsaloli ke jiran masu haɓakawa da yadda ake warware su.

Tun da ƙirƙirar samfuran tutoci shine tsari mafi ɗaukar lokaci kuma ya haɗa da matsaloli mafi girma, zamu ɗauki irin waɗannan na'urori a matsayin misali, a cikin ɓangaren tsakiya da na kasafin kuɗi, ana magance matsaloli da yawa cikin sauƙi.

Tsarin wayar hannu a matakin ra'ayi - 'yan kasuwa, injiniyoyi, manazarta

Ba komai tsawon lokacin da kamfanin ku ya kasance, 'yan makonnin da suka gabata ko shekarun da suka gabata, tsarin ƙirƙirar ƙirar ƙira ko kawai babbar na'ura, kamar kowace, yana farawa da ra'ayi. Bambancin ra'ayoyin wani nau'in ra'ayi ne wanda ke yawo a kan shugabannin masu daukar ma'aikata a kasuwar wayoyin hannu daga shekara zuwa shekara. Sau da yawa mutane sun gaskata cewa idan wani bai yi wani abu a aikace ba, to wannan rashin tunani ne. A matsayinka na mai mulki, tunanin ba shi da alaƙa da shi, kuma matsalar ta ta'allaka ne a cikin rashin yiwuwar samar da samfurin kasuwanci mai mahimmanci don aiwatar da na'urar "m". Misali shine YotaPhone, wayar Rasha ce mai allon eINK na biyu wanda ke ba da fitar da bayanai da kuma tsawaita rayuwar batir. A ka'idar.

Na'urorin samfur na farko masu fuska na biyu sun bayyana a kasuwa shekaru goma kafin ra'ayin YotaPhone, shekaru biyar kafin haka akwai na'urori masu fuskar eINK. Amma babu wani daga cikin masana'antun da ya yi ƙarfin hali don ƙaddamar da irin waɗannan na'urori a cikin jerin, tun da nazarin ra'ayin a matakin farko ya nuna rashin yiwuwarsa. Ga wasu tambayoyin da suka hana wasu kamfanoni ƙaddamar da irin wannan inji:

  • Allon na biyu yana sa wayar ta fi tsadar ƙira;
  • Allon na biyu yana ƙara yuwuwar fasa na'urar, buƙatar gyara ya fi girma (halayen kayan gyara suna girma);
  • Samun allon baki da fari na biyu ko ma launi ba zai yiwu ba ba tare da ƙwararren mai fafatawa ba, saboda ƙirar guda ɗaya ba ta iya ƙirƙirar abubuwa;
  • Tsarin haɓaka yana ƙaruwa, tunda aiki tare da allo na biyu yana buƙatar ƙirƙirar software na musamman waɗanda ba kowa ke buƙata sai wanda ya kera irin wannan na'urar;
  • Hadware R&D farashin suma sun fi girma, ana buƙatar ƙirƙirar sabbin kayan aiki, samarwa da ƙimar sarrafa inganci sun fi girma (rashin zaɓin masana'antar jama'a tare da ƙananan farashin taro).
Na'urorin Yota sun yi la'akari da cewa duk waɗannan matsalolin za a iya shawo kan su kuma ƙirƙirar irin wannan na'urar. Amma, kamar yadda muka riga muka sani, sun yi kuskure, kuma YotaPhone bai shahara ba. Lokacin haɓaka ra'ayin sabon na'ura, manyan kamfanoni suna ƙoƙarin haɗa mutane da fasaha daban-daban a cikin ƙungiyar aiki, a matsayin mai mulkin, waɗannan ba kawai injiniyoyi da masu shirye-shirye ba ne, amma har ma manazarta da masu kasuwa. Kasancewar ƙarshen yana da ban mamaki koyaushe, saboda masu kasuwa suna hulɗa da haɓaka samfuran da aka riga aka ƙirƙira, me yasa suke a matakin sifili? Amsar a bayyane take - lokacin da ake tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na'urar, kasancewar mai kasuwa yana ba ku damar cimma hadahadar ayyukan da za su iya kashe kopecks uku a cikin haɓakawa ko zama cikakkiyar 'yanci, amma a cikin tallace-tallace za su juya zuwa zama fa'idar gasa ta musamman.

A zamanin Apple na Tim Cook, ci gaban iPhone gaba ɗaya ya koma kan ƙa'idodin masana'antar da Samsung, Huawei da sauran kamfanoni suka ɗauka. Kafin wannan, Apple kusan bai yi amfani da aikin manazarta ba, bai kwatanta samfuran su da masu fafatawa ba, amma sun bi hanyarsu - ba ma'ana a gare mu mu tattauna yadda yake daidai ba, gaskiyar ita ce Apple bai bi tsarin ba. kasuwa, amma siffata da kanta. Me yasa muke buƙatar manazarta a matakin tattaunawa game da ra'ayin na gaba smartphone? Amsar ita ce mai sauƙi, masu bincike ne da aikinsu wanda ya ba mu damar tantance yanayin da ke cikin kamfani tare da samfurori na yau da kullum da kuma kafa harsashi na samfurori na gaba.

A tsarin tsari, ana iya siffanta aikin manazarci kamar haka:

  • Kwatanta halayen fasaha na ƙirar zamani daga masana'anta daban-daban;
  • Bayyana halaye na musamman na masu fafatawa, bullar sabbin fasahohin da za a iya amfani da su;
  • Tattara ƙididdiga da bayanai game da abubuwan da ake amfani da su a cikin ƙirar asali.

A aikace, aikin manazarci a matakin sifili ya yi kama da sauqi. Misali, a cikin Galaxy S6 da kuma samfuran wannan ƙarni na Samsung, akwai tashar infrared don sarrafa kayan aikin gida.

Samsung yana da daidaitaccen nau'i na bincike don kowane fasalin wayar hannu, duka hardware da software. Game da tashar jiragen ruwa infrared, wannan shine kididdigar amfani da shi, kashi nawa ne masu amfani suka kunna shi, sau nawa suke amfani da shi. Bugu da ƙari, a matsayin mai mulkin, wannan ba tarin ƙididdiga na lokaci ɗaya ba ne, amma saka idanu akai-akai na abin da ke faruwa a cikin motsi. Don haka, a cikin Galaxy S6, an tallata aikin sarrafa nesa don kayan aiki ta amfani da saƙonnin turawa, wato, a wannan lokacin ya riga ya bayyana cewa mutane ba sa amfani da tashar infrared akan na'urorin da suka gabata, amma ba a bayyana dalilin da ya sa ba. daga jahilci ko rashin amfani na na'urar kanta. Bayan ƙaddamar da tallace-tallace a kan dukkan na'urori, mun sami kididdiga: wasu kaso na mutane sun kalli tallan, ƙaramin juzu'i na wannan lambar ya ƙaddamar da aikace-aikacen kuma ya gwada tashar infrared.Lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai kuma sun nuna cewa yawancin mutane sun gwada infrared a cikin makonnin farko bayan siyan wayar hannu sannan ba su dawo cikinta ba. Adadin wadanda suke amfani da tashar infrared akai-akai ba ma kaso ne na kashi dari ba, mutane da dama ne na miliyoyin kwafin na'urori. Tare da farashi na ƙididdiga 4 don tashar tashar IR, tare da farashin R&D wanda ke da arha saboda yawan zagayawa, farashin kamfanin ya kasance kaɗan. Amma farashi ne wanda bai yi aiki ba a aikace, saboda mutane ba su yi amfani da fasalin ba ko da bayan kamfanin ya haɓaka fasalin. Kin amincewa da IrDA ya haifar da tanadin dala miliyan 3.5 a shekara, wanda ke zama faduwa a cikin teku ga wani kamfani na Samsung, amma da farko. Hakanan ya 'yantar da albarkatu tare da rage yiwuwar gazawar na'urar saboda sauƙaƙe ƙira. Tunanin na iya yin kama da sharadi, amma akwai ƙwaƙƙwaran ƙididdiga masu aiki waɗanda ke bayyana adadin kira zuwa sabis da dogaronsu akan sarƙar na'urar. Babu wani abu da ke canzawa daga aiki ɗaya, amma yawancinsu ana bitarsu kowace shekara don kowane ƙirar (waɗannan duka software ne da ayyukan hardware).

Ga masu amfani da guda ɗaya waɗanda suka yi amfani da wayar su azaman abin sarrafawa, wannan wani nau'in bala'i ne. Amma a cikin babban kamfani, ana iya yin watsi da su, ko da sun zaɓi wani masana'anta (Huawei / Meizu / Xiaomi da sauransu) waɗanda ba su ƙi irin wannan aikin ba.

A cikin sharadi, aikin manazarci (masu sarrafa samfuran galibi suna taka rawa a cikin kamfanoni) ana iya la'akari da ƙin wasu ayyuka waɗanda ba su zama gama gari ba a kasuwa tare da masu fafatawa kai tsaye, da kuma neman fasalin na'urori masu fafatawa. wanda ya bambanta su. Bari mu kalli wani misali, wato ditching jack 3.5mm akan iPhone 7 da kuma daga baya. Abubuwan da ake buƙata don wannan ba a tsara su ta hanyar gaskiyar cewa masu amfani ba su yi amfani da belun kunne tare da iPhone ba, akasin haka, sun yi shi koyaushe, kuma yawancin sun gamsu da tarin EarPods.

Ba za a iya bayyana rashin amincewa da jack na 3.5 mm ba kawai ta bayyanar kariya ta ruwa, tun da sauran masana'antun suna da irin wannan jack kuma suna da daidaitattun kariyar IP67 / 68. To me yasa Apple ya dauki irin wannan matakin da ba a so? Amsar a bayyane take, sun yi hakan ne don kara yawan ribar da suke samu a daya bangaren kuma su rage farashi a daya bangaren.

Lokacin da ake amfani da kariya ta ruwa, farashin kariya ga kowane rami a kan akwati ya kai kusan kashi ɗaya. Kananan abubuwa? Amma don kewayawa na dubun-dubatar na'urori, wannan ya riga ya kawo wasu tanadi. Kuma mafi mahimmanci, akwai ƙididdiga kan nawa za ku iya samu yayin ƙirƙirar jackphone na lasifikan kai. Tallace-tallacen kayan haɗin ku sun haura 1.25x akan matsakaita saboda mutane ba za su iya amfani da madadin belun kunne ba, kawai ba su da su a hannu. Har ila yau, yana ƙaddamar da sabon tsarin sabunta jeri na lasifikan kai ta abokan hulɗa, waɗanda dole ne su biya don amfani da nau'in haɗin yanar gizon ku, wanda ke kawo ƙarin kuɗi wanda ya riga ya kasance a cikin dubun-dubatar riba.

A gefe mara kyau, kuna haifar da matsaloli ga abokan cinikin ku, ba za su iya amfani da belun kunne na iPhone tare da wasu na'urorin kamfanin ku, misali, MacBook. Amma a ka'idar, ana iya bayyana hakan ta hanyar canzawa zuwa belun kunne mara waya, wanda ke zama fifiko, kuma haɓakar wannan ɓangaren kuma yana nufin haɓaka kai tsaye a cikin kuɗin shiga na kamfanin ku. Wannan wani ɓoyayyiyar haɓaka ce ta farashin mallakar iphone, wanda aka ƙirƙira da kuma shimfiɗa ta a matakin ra'ayi.

Abu na farko da injiniyoyin ke gaya muku shine cewa kuna buƙatar sake fasalin injin. A cikin akwati na ƙarfe, cajin shigar ba zai yi aiki ba. Canza harka ta atomatik yana nufin cikakken sake fasalin duk abubuwan ciki da kuma dogon lokaci na gwaje-gwajen damuwa, lokacin da aka gudanar da sabbin shari'o'i a cikin yanayi daban-daban kuma an gwada su duka don ƙarfi da duk wani tasirin waje, daga girgiza zuwa danshi.

Na biyu ba kawai buƙatar ƙirƙirar akwati ba ne, amma buƙatar tanadin kayan masarufi, kamar gilashin. A cikin ka'idar, zaku iya gwada gwada samfuran da ke amfani da gilashin halaye iri ɗaya, amma wannan yana ƙara haɗarin lahani mai yawa a cikin na'urorin kasuwanci. Wannan ya kai ga ƙarshe mai zuwa, dole ne a ƙirƙira samfura akan abin da ke da yawa kuma ana iya gwada shi a cikin dakin gwaje-gwaje.

Bulogin gini, ko game da abubuwan da aka gyara

Kasancewar wasu sassa a matakin ƙirar na'ura wani labari ne na daban. Tuta kan yi amfani da abubuwan da har yanzu ba a samu su ba, kuma ba a san yadda za su yi aiki a aikace ba. Waɗannan su ne haɗarin da masana'anta ke ɗauka, kuma koyaushe yana ƙoƙarin rage su. Hanya mafi kyau don yin wannan ita ce siyan hannun jari a cikin masana'anta don ku sami damar yin amfani da duk takaddun ciki, sarrafa tsarin masana'anta kuma koyaushe fahimtar ainihin abin da ke faruwa a cikin samarwa. Misali, Samsung ya saka hannun jari a Corning saboda wannan dalili kuma ya fahimci yuwuwar samarwa, yana ganin waɗanne tsararrun gilashin da kuma lokacin da suka fito, za su iya amfana daga ƙaddamar da su.

Muhimmin batu - masana'anta ba dole ba ne kuma bai kamata ya sanar da abubuwan da yake amfani da su a cikin na'urorinsa ba. Misali, Samsung sau da yawa yana sanya sabbin tsararraki na gilashin Corning akan tutocin tukwane, amma ba ya magana game da shi. Kuma kawai bayan duba aikace-aikacen yadda suke bayyana kansu, suna sanar da kasancewarsu a kan tutar na gaba. Wannan dabarar tana da lafiya, saboda idan matsala ta faru, ana gyara samarwa kuma an dawo da shi zuwa tsohuwar sigar gilashin, yayin da babu wani ra'ayi tsakanin masu amfani (ba a sami matsala ba tukuna, amma ma'anar dabarun, ina tsammanin, shine. bayyana daga bayanin).

Ba kamar gine-gine ba, inda nau’in ginshiqan gini da kuma, bulo-bulo ba su bambanta da yawa daga shekara zuwa shekara ba (ku gafarta mani magina, na san akwai ci gaba, amma ba su kai ga na’urar lantarki ba). Samar da wayowin komai da ruwan yana canzawa sosai. An tsara abubuwa da yawa don tsarin rayuwa (zagayowar masana'antu) na shekaru 3-6, kamar samfuran kyamara. Hatta abubuwan da aka gyara kamar microphones suna canzawa lokaci zuwa lokaci, kuma dole ne a yi la'akari da wannan a cikin aikin.

Tun kafin samar da na'urar, kuna buƙatar tabbatar da cewa kuna da isassun isassun abubuwa masu mahimmanci, musamman idan sun kasance na musamman. Misali, a farkon watanni uku na tallace-tallace na K750i, Sony Ericsson ya fuskanci ƙarancin samfuran kyamara, tunda sun kasance na musamman a wancan lokacin, babu madadin masu ba da kayayyaki. Wannan samfurin ya zama mafi kyawun siyarwa, kuma tallace-tallacensa ya zarce hasashen da aka yi ta sau da yawa, iyakance shi ne gazawar mai siyar da kayan aikin kamara don ƙara yawan samarwa a cikin ɗan gajeren lokaci.

Wani misali shi ne sakin Motorola RAZR, babu siraran madannai irin wannan a kasuwa, kuma Motorola ya sami fasahar da ta dace daga wani kamfanin kera kalkuleta a Koriya ta Kudu. Amma ba za su iya samun ikon mallakar irin waɗannan maɓallan wayar ba, kuma ba su sayi mai ba da kaya ba, ba tare da sanin cewa RAZR zai zama babbar matsala ba. A sakamakon haka, bayan watanni shida, lokacin da tallace-tallace na RAZR ya karu, wasu masana'antun sun fara ƙirƙirar na'urori masu bakin ciki tare da maɓallan maɓalli masu kama. Amma muna sha'awar gaskiyar cewa neman mai sayarwa a cikin wannan harka ya ɗauki kimanin watanni shida. Idan babu tsayayyen lokaci don haɓaka RAZR, wannan ya halatta. Amma ga samfuran serial waɗanda ke fitowa a lokaci guda a kowace shekara, wannan ba abin karɓa bane. Don haka, masana'antun da yawa suna neman sabbin nau'ikan abubuwan haɗin gwiwa a cikin layi ɗaya kuma ba tare da takamaiman na'urori ba.

Ƙungiyoyi suna ƙirƙira ɗakunan karatu na abubuwan abubuwan da suka dace, gami da ba da odar duk abubuwan ci gaba masu ban sha'awa, don ci gaba da ci gaba. Idan Apple ya sayi kyamarori na gaba tare da na'urori masu auna firikwensin IR don gwaji, wannan ba yana nufin kwata-kwata za su bayyana a cikin samfuran nan gaba ba. Wadannan su ne sassan da injiniyoyin kamfanin ke dubawa da kuma tantance karfinsu. Kuma akwai ɗaruruwan irin waɗannan abubuwan, sau da yawa ba su kai ga samfur na ciki ba, ana kawar da su a matakin zaɓi.

Bugu da ƙari, binciken kasuwa mai ban sha'awa, lokacin da injiniyoyi za su iya samun wani abu mai ban sha'awa da ban sha'awa, akwai wani bincike da aka yi niyya wanda aka samo shi daga buƙatun manazarta / 'yan kasuwa lokacin da suka ga dama a wasu fasaha. Misali mai kyau na irin wannan binciken da aka yi niyya shine ƙirƙirar TouchID ta Apple, lokacin da kamfanin ya tsara abubuwan da ake buƙata don firikwensin kuma ya cimma ƙirƙira ta, tare da kare fasahar tare da wasu haƙƙin mallaka kuma yana da wahala ga masu fafatawa su hanzarta maimaita wannan bangaren. . Wannan misali ne na ci gaba mai ma'ana na sashi tare da abokin tarayya, inda aka samo buƙatun farko daga fahimtar buƙatu daga ɓangaren ƙungiyar aiki da ke aiki akan wani samfuri.

A matakin ƙirar ƙirar, yana da matukar mahimmanci ba kawai don samun sashin aiki ba, amma don fahimtar cewa zaku iya samun shi a isassun adadi a daidai lokacin. Misali, don iPhone X, na'urar daukar hotan takardu ba ta shirya akan lokaci ba, yana da wahala a kera shi cikin sharuɗɗan tunani daga Apple. Ita kanta fasahar tana da sarƙaƙƙiya, kuma duk masu samar da ita suna fuskantar matsaloli iri ɗaya: na'urar firikwensin ba ta da ƙarfi, kuma ana buƙatar cikakken daidaito wajen kera ta. Abubuwan da aka samu na samfuran da suka dace shine kusan 20%, wanda ke haifar da matsalar samar da taro. Kuma samun masu samar da kayayyaki daban-daban guda biyar baya bada garantin cewa Apple yana samun adadin da yake buƙata. Sakamakon haka, kamfanin har ma ya kai ga ƙaddamar da halayen na'urori masu auna firikwensin don batches na farko na iPhone X kawai don samun su a cikin wasu ƙididdiga masu mahimmanci (zaku iya karanta game da wannan a cikin labarin Bloomberg mai ban sha'awa).

Matsala tare da firikwensin 3D na iPhone X shine cewa wani a cikin rukunin aiki wanda ke yin wannan na'urar yayi tunanin cewa yawancin masu samar da kayayyaki, gasa tsakanin su, na iya magance matsalar inganci da yawa. Babban kuskure ne. Bugu da ƙari, ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙa'idodi na farko, nau'in manufa, shima kuskure ne kuma baya ba da damar samun adadin da ake so na fitar da kayan. Bugu da kari, babban ingancin firikwensin a cikin ƙaramin ƙara yana nufin rashin haƙuri ga girgiza lokacin da aka jefar, allon zai tsira tare da su, amma FaceID yana da yuwuwar a'a.